The most beautiful mosques in Iran
Beautiful, amazing, glorious, the arches, mosaic tiles,circular domes, the structural features of pre-Islamic architecture in Iran.The Iranian architecture dates back to 5000 BC,and had a tremendous impact in the architecture of India, Turkey, and Tajikistan until Zanzibar."Supreme Iranian art, in the true sense of the word, has always been its architecture." The supremacy of architecture applies to pre- and post-Islamic periods, "said Arthur Pope, a pioneering American expert on Iranian art .
Various buildings and collections, such as mosques, shrines, markets, bridges and palaces, have survived from ancient times and from ancient times.The Iranians knew how to build tall buildings with massive internal space and their places of worship have always been in harmony with the ideas and nature surrounding them.
The architecture of the mosques in Iran varies from one region to another, due to geometric structures, materials and styles specific to each location.These mosques often have very complex structures in which color variations, tiles and symbolic designs are used.The dome of the mosque shines with reflection of the sun, like a turquoise on the roof of the mosques and the travelers who enter Iran from the Silk Road and pass through this road are able to see these glowing domes a few milesaway.
Modern fashion mosques throughout the world have been built over the past decade, which are absolute masterpiece of art, But these mosques are not as valuable as the mosques in the Muslim countries.Iran has a collection of the most beautiful historical mosques.
Imam Mosque, Isfahan
The Imam Mosque, located on the southern side of the Isfahan Square, is an excellent example of Islamic architecture in Iran.This immortal masterpiece, along with the Naghsh-e-Jahan sq, has been recorded on the UNESCO World Heritage Site.This mosque belongs to the 6th century AD.The reason for its splendor is due to the tiled mosaic,Glazedtiles,Beautiful handwriting(Iranian Nastaligh handwriting) on the walls Which has been used by Iranian architecture professors.
The distinctive feature of each mosque is its minaret.This mosque has 4 minarets.Acoustic properties and reflections at the central point under the dome are a fun interest for many visitors, as the ingenuity of the architects, when creating the dome, allows the Imam to speak with a moderate voice and always be heard Clearly by everyone inside the building.The architecture of these mosques is very complex and has many Ivans and courtyards.The photo of this mosque is printed behind the 20000 Iranian Rial banknote.
Sheikh Lotfolah Mosque, Isfahan
This mosque is built as a private mosque of the royal family,that’s why it does not have any minaret.The designs done by calligraphy and tiling in this mosque is more beautiful and better than other Persian and Islamic works.The true charm of the interior of the building results from its perfect symmetry. The prayer room is built on a square plan which transforms into a circular dome by means of four large squinches that extend to ground level and are paired on four sides of the square by four large arches of the same size Dimension than those that frame the squinches.
Nasi ol Molk Mosque Shiraz
This mosque was built during the Qajar period.In this mosque, colored glass is used extensively as an exterior decoration.This mosque is unique for its tile work and its architecture. The construction of the mosque began in 1293 AH. And finally ended in 1305 AH. By Mohammad Hassan Me'mar and Mohammad Reza Kashi Paz Shirazi.The mosque greatly uses colored glass in its façade, and it has other traditional elements such as Panj k?seh-i (five concaves) in its design. It is also named in popular culture as Pink Mosque because of the use of beautiful pink colored tiles for its interior design.
Jame Mosque, Yazd
A beautiful sample of Iranian architecture the Azari style , the great mosque of Yazd is crowned by a pair of minarets, the highest in Iran.The mosque of the twelfth century is still used today. It was first built under Ala'oddoleh Garshasb of the Al-e Bouyeh dynasty. The mosque was rebuilt largely between 1324 and 1365, and is one of the exceptional buildings of the fourteenth century of Iran.
The mosque has a porch and is built around 100 years and three periods of government.The main structure of this mosque is related to the Sassanid period.
This mosque is important for several reasons:
- The oldest example of architecture.
- Use of indirect light in the mosque.
- Extensive ceilings with beautiful decorations.
Sheikh Safi ol Din Mosque, Ardabil
Sheikh Safi's collection is made in the early 16th century until the end of the 18th century.This monument contains a collection of monuments of princes and emperors of the Safavid period.The tomb of Sheikh Safi is constructed as an octagon, and the dome known as "Allah, Allah" is placed on top of it.
The most important parts of this collection are:
- Main entrance door.
- Ghandil Khane.
- porcelain storehouse.
Ghoharshad Mosque, Mashhad
The Goharshad Mosque, built on the orders of Lady Goharshad, wife of Shahrokh, of the kings of the Timurid dynasty, in 1418 AD.Due to the elegance and beauty of the tiles, architectural style and style of the mosque of Goharshad, this mosque is one of the masterpieces of Iranian architecture during the Timurid period.The Goharshad Mosque is a classic mosque built in the form of four ivory mosques.The mosque has a dome with a height of 41 meters and 2 minarets with a height of 43 meters.
The Mosque of Goharshad Mashhad is the largest mosque in the monument of the holy shrine:Imam Reza", its courtyard with 2,850 square meters is the oldest one in this complex.
Blue Mosque, Tabriz
This mosque is known as the Turquoise of Islam,because most of the mosque is covered with blue tiles.It was built in 1465 by the order of the Jahan Shah, the ruler of the Qaraqouyunlu dynasty.The Blue Mosque was a member of a larger architectural complex called the Mozafriya Collection.This collection consisted of a mosque, a monastery, a courtyard, a library, and other parts, all of which were destroyed, and just the blue mosque is remained
Soltani Mosque, Zanjan
The Jame mosque or school of Zanjan, known as the Sayed Mosque, was built in the thirteenth century AH and during the Qajar period.This mosque is located in the center of Zanjan and near the Qaisiriyah old traditional Bazar.This historic complex, which is one of the largest and most beautiful mosques and religious schools in Zanjan, is one of the most valuable monuments built on the basis of the four ivory mosques design. The porches are located in the four sides of the mosque.
Great Mosque, Ghaen
This mosque was built in the year 796 AH and was repaired in the year 1086 AH by Safkosh during the period of Shah Soleiman Safavid. The structure is of stone and brick and the mosque consists of a courtyard, four porticos and two squares for nocturnal prayers (Shabestan). Besides what is the vaulted and arched ceiling worked in colored plaster, porches and verses written that date back to 1263 AH as indicated in the inscriptions.
The masonry of this structure was realized by Karbalaie Isaq Qaeni. The wooden pulpit of this mosque was made by a good master craftsman Mohammad Moqeem and is considered one of many magnificent craft samples.
Tarikhane Mosque, Damghan
This mosque is a very beautiful example of the early centuries of Islam mosques.Mosque style is derived from Sassanid architecture.The courtyard of the mosque is based on 18 circular columns (three rows of six).These columns have 1.5 diameters and are architecturally similar to those of the Sassanid palaces.The arches of the mosque are made of bricks and are very similar to the arch of the pre-Islamic period and the Sassanid era.The overall design of the mosque is quite simple but attractive,But it gives you a sense of majestic, beauty and is one of the most magnificent Islamic buildings.