|National Museum.The main entrance of building of the
museum is built in the style of Persia's Sassanidvaults,
particularly the iwan of Ctesiphon.
National Museum of Iran
The National Museum of Iran (Persian: موزه ملی ایران Mūze-ye Millī-ye Irān) is a museum in Tehran, Iran. It is the combination of two museums, the ancient Muze-ye Irân-e Bâstân ("Archaeological Museum of Iran", a break, Sasanian Revival building designed by André Godard and inaugurated in 1937), and the modernist white travertine National Arts Museum (" Mūze-i Honar-i Millī "), which was inaugurated in 1972. The second structure, built on the grassy terrain of the ancient Archaeological Museum, passed through a few and hasty changes to the interior and was still being rebuilt. The Islamic revolution swept the country in 1979.
While the old museum always had a clear mandate to show archaeological relics (including some rare medieval textiles and carpet pieces), the new museum began with the exquisite Amlash pottery from the prehistoric Caspian Sea areas of Iran. There followed some modern arts, and the numerous disembarkation and conversion of the interior. Only after the Islamic revolution was the new building tied to the old to form the "National Museum of Iran". The two buildings are dedicated to the pre-Islamic collection (the old pause building), while the new travertine building contains post-Islamic artefacts. Together, they preserve ancient and medieval Persian antiques, including pottery vessels, metal objects, textiles, books, coins, etc.
Building One consists of three halls. The three halls contain artefacts from the Lower, Middle and Upper Palaeolithic as well as the Neolithic, Chalcolithic, Early and Late Bronze Age and the Iron Age I-III through the Median, Achaemenid, Seleucid, Parthian and Sassanides.
The postislamic part of the museum was inaugurated in 1996 and consists of three floors. It contains various pieces of pottery, textiles, texts, works of art, astrolabes, and adventures from Iranian 1,400-year Islamic history.
The original museum (Building One) was designed by André Godard, a French architect. It is located in the center of Tehran.
Plans for the construction of a new building are planned as the electricity does not lack the capacities and standards for the preservation of all the treasures excavated by Iran. There are a number of research departments in the museum, including the Palaeolithic Department, Center for Achaemenid Research and Center for Ceramic Studies.
The oldest artifact in the museum are from Kashafrud, Darband and Ganj Par, sites that date back from the Lower Palaeolithic. Mousterian stone tools from Neanderthals can also be seen in the first hall. The most important Upperpaleolithic tools are from the Yafteh cave, which is about 30,000-35,000 years old. There are also 9000 year old human and animal figures of Teppe Sarab in the province of Kermanshah among the many other ancient artifacts.
National Museum Iran, more than 70 years old, with 300,000 museum objects in an area of more than 20,000 square meters, is not only the largest museum of history and archeology in the country but is considered one of the few most prestigious museums in the world in terms of large volume, Variety and quality of its huge monuments. In the Iranian museum tradition, it is considered as the mother museum of Iran, with the aim of preserving the relics of the past, to pass on to the next generations, to create a better understanding between the peoples and nations of the world and the role of Iranian in Iran The design of world culture and civilization and to try to improve public knowledge
• Prehistoric Department
• Historic Department
• Coins and seals Department
• Islamic Department
• Paleolithic Department
• Pottery Department
• Inscriptions Department
• Conservation Department